BGP Local Preference (LOCAL_PREF)

BGP LOCAL_PREF is the Second BGP attribute if we dive deep into BGP’s algorithm of best path selection followed by aggregate (detailed in my first post in BGP section).  When an AS (autonomous system) has multiple routes to another AS, the LOCAL_PREF indicates the degree of preference for one route over the other routes. The […]

BGP Weight

BGP Weight is the first BGP attribute if we dive deep into BGP’s algorithm of best path selection followed by Local_Preference & aggregate (detailed in my first post in BGP section). Weight is vendor specific (Cisco proprietary) so it is found only on Cisco routers. Weight is always local on a router and it is […]

Wireshark Operators

Wireshark is the most useful & popular tool for packet Level deep Network Analysis & Troubleshooting. Most importantly, it is open source. It is like a measuring meter or device to find and examine what is going on inside a network cable or port just like a multimeter is used by an electrician to examine […]

MP-BGP and Address Families

BGP originally only supports normal IPv4 unicast prefixes. With the passage of time & advancement in Network Technology, the need for support of more prefix types arose. There were two solutions to this problem: First, to invent a whole new protocol or a new version of BGP, Second, to add the extra functionality in the […]